Traumatic experiences are often deeply distressing and memories can haunt a traumatised person, whether in unexpected intrusive memories or dreams.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is when a person’s alarm system stays switched on after the trauma has passed. The person feels on edge all the time and struggles to function due to the physical side effects. This can have long-standing cognitive, emotional and physical consequences.
Not everyone who has traumatic experiences have PTSD, yet such experiences can still underpin emotional well-being. For example, experiencing bullying at work can be traumatic. It can undermine resilience, knock self esteem and create a fear cycle of people and work itself. This would be considered a trauma and can be treated successfully with therapy by helping you move past this event and take away the emotional pain associated with it.